ಬೆಲರುಸಿಯಾದ ಲೇಖಕಿ ಸ್ವೆಟ್ಲಾನ ಅಲೆಕ್ಸಿವಿಕ್ಗೆ 2015ರ ನೊಬೆಲ್ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಪ್ರಶಸ್ತಿ
ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯದ ನೊಬೆಲ್ ಪಡೆಯುತ್ತಿರುವ 14ನೇ ಮಹಿಳೆ
67ರ ಹರೆಯದ ಸೆಟ್ಲಾನಾ, ವೃತ್ತಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಪತ್ರಕರ್ತೆ
Since the prize was first handed out in 1901, only 14 out of 111 laureates have been women. The last woman to win before Alexievich, Canada’s Alice Munro, was handed the award in 2013. Here’s our first news piece on the win.
She was born 31 May 1948 in the Ukrainian town of Ivano-Frankovsk into a family of a serviceman. Her father is Belarusian and her mother is Ukrainian. After her father’s demobilization from the army the family returned to his native Belarussia and settled in a village where both parents worked as schoolteachers. She left school to work as a reporter on the local paper in the town of Narovl.
She has written short stories, essays and reportage but says she found her voice unde the influence of the Bela
Belarusian writer Ales Adamovich, who developed a genre which he variously called the “collective novel”, “novel-oratorio”, “novel-evidence”, “people talking about themselves”, “epic chorus”.
In one interviews she said: “I’ve been searching for a literary method that would allow the closest possible approximation to real life. Reality has always attracted me like a magnet, it tortured and hypnotised me, I wanted to capture it on paper. So I immediately appropriated this genre of actual human voices and confessions, witness evidences and documents. This is how I hear and see the world – as a chorus of individual voices and a collage of everyday details. This is how my eye and ear function. In this way all my mental and emotional potential is realised to the full. In this way I can be simultaneously a writer, reporter, sociologist, psychologist and preacher.”