‘KAALA’: Million Mutinies spilling over!
P Manivannan, IAS
The Rajini Starrer ‘Kaala’, like the earlier one ‘Kabali’, is a movie whose time has come! Indeed, it’s a trite late, but has come from the most expected place of all, Tamil Nadu, the place where the mutinies started many years ago, led by EV Ramaswamy, fondly called as Periyar.
The mutinies that our country is going thru now, has just spilled over into the art screen, as Kaala. It had to. And it has. Soon, more such movies are expected, which will rewrite Ramayan and other symbols of feudalism. We are going to have, or already having the eruptions, that are questioning the oppression inflicted on millions of India’s sons and daughters for hundreds of years.
My exposure into Indian history, beyond what is taught to us in the school, happened when I prepared for my IAS. Pouring over the books, made me to learn a lot; I learned that the Hinduism as we see today is a mosaic of religious history of thousands of years, starting from the Rig Veda, Pantheism, Buddhism, Jainism etc. Indeed, as many would agree, it was not a monolithic religion, but a way of life. As it was different from what the Christians and Muslims professed, they called everything beyond their religion, as Hinduism.
One of the discerning aspect of Hinduism is castesim. Castesim established and maintained feudalism in the Indian society, without the need for the sword. At one level, it can be called as a master stroke for keeping different classes together and make them work towards common existence. But, clearly, it was oppressive to many, which was typical of any feudal system.
The concept of Rule of law pre-supposes that everyone is equal. Thus, Rule of law is an antithesis to Feudalism. The law of the land until the British established themselves in 1858, was differentiative and feudalistic. Manu was clear on that! The indigenous rulers didn’t want to upset the apple-cart, and hence it continued, till the British, sitting safely in London, ventured to upset it.
Thus, things changed visibly since 1858, a year after the bloody revolt- a mutiny of gigantic proportion in 1857, when the British brought its system based on Rule of law. Infact many would say that 1857 was itself a voice, that was not in resonance with feudalism.
The British, whether knowingly or unknowingly, tinkered with the existing feudalism in India. This tinker sent shock waves. Suddenly the law for the Brahmin and Sudra become same! Manu’s law of thousands of years was overturned! This was bound to be bring mixed reactions.
Change was never easy! And when it’s about changing the status quo that existed thousand of years, that defined and decided the socio-politico-economic fabric, it was destined to upheave the society, and it did. And it got channelized and echoed in the struggle for freedom. Surely, Mahatma Gandhi didn’t miss to take note of it. ‘Chauri Chaura’ might have remined him the course it could take if the mutinies are not controlled or regulated.
Post-independence, these voices grew more, after a brief lull of expectations of a utopia. Emergency indeed acted as a spring released. When it unwound, it gave fillip to these mutinies. Since then, the democratic institutions kept the fire burning, fuelled by education.
Post 1991, the competitions forced the people to wake up and fight for survival. Logically, the wide differences in the capacity of the different sections of the society, wrought by the feudalistic history of India, came to the fore, as never before. The flat world forced mutinies, as equality of opportunities become sine quo non for survival.
Thus, the upheavals that started hundred years back found more force and started erupting. Needless to say, every force leads to opposite forces. That explains the raise of right-wing politics and forces in the country. These opposing forces have to lead to clashes and eruptions as never before. Thus, ‘Kaala’ is a volcano that erupted on the screen!